What Is Longan Fruit? (Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits)

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Last updated: July 17, 2020

In the latest installment of my never-ending quest to find different exotic fruits and excitingly unique vegetables, I am now going to write about longan fruit.

Related to the rambutan fruit and the lychee, longan fruit is a small tropical fruit with delicious white flesh. They’re not easy to find, but wow, do they taste good.

In this article I am going to share with you everything I’ve learned about this little exotic treat, its nutritional profile, and its potential health benefits.

What Is Longan Fruit?

The longan, also called Dimocarpus Longan, is a tropical fruit tree that is native to tropical Asia and China.

The tree is now grown in different parts of Southeast Asia, like India, Vietnam, Indonesia, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. The Dimocarpus Longan tree is said to produce around 50,000 longan fruits per year.

Longan fruit tree

In China, the Longan is also referred to as Dragon’s Eye, and is used in traditional Chinese medicine. They’ve used it for centuries to help with sleep problems, ease digestion, and as a natural relaxant.

Some people even believe that the fruit can make you look more beautiful!

The longan fruit is used in various different ways in Asian countries. In Chinese herbal medicine, they use the dried leaves or flowers. In Taiwan, the flower is turned into an infusion for tea. The seed has also been used as an ingredient in shampoo.

Clearly, it’s considered quite a versatile fruit in large parts of Asia.

How to Eat Longan Fruit?

How do you eat a longan fruit? It’s very similar to how you would eat a lychee, which you are probably more familiar with.

Peeled longan fruits

It’s nothing too complicated. Simply peel off the skin, and eat the transparent, white-colored flesh that you’ll see on the inside.

What Does Longan Fruit Taste Like?

As you may have guessed by now, longans can be a little sweet, but in their own unique way. It’s definitely not too sweet, which is why I love this fruit so much.

The flesh is very juicy, which is no surprise, since longan fruit has a high water content. It’s that juiciness though that makes this tropical fruit even more enjoyable.

What About the Seeds?

It’s the big black seed in the middle of a longan fruit that has earned this fruit its exciting nickname dragon’s fruit. The fruit does resemble an eyeball, with the black seed inside being the pupil.

Longan fruit with black seed inside

Interestingly enough, it’s that very same seed that actually holds a lot of polyphenols, which are micronutrients that are packed with antioxidants.

This is one of the reasons why the longan fruit seed has long been used to prepare traditional remedies, but otherwise you wouldn’t want to eat the seed with the flesh.

Where to Buy Longan?

Sadly, as common as longans are in various Asian countries, they’re not so easy to find in the rest of the world. But you may be able to get your hands on them if you go to specialty or Asian grocery stores.

Because fresh longan fruit is so hard to find in western countries, we do regularly see canned or dried longan available in grocery stores.

The problem with these preserved types of longan fruit is that they typically contain a lot more sugar than fresh or frozen longan fruit, and therefore I wouldn’t recommend buying the canned or dried version.

Plus, fresh longan fruit simply tastes the best, and it’s the fresh flavors that make this fruit so delicious.

Nutritional Profile of Longan Fruit

I’ve gone ahead and went to the USDA FoodData Central website to have a look at the nutritional profile of longan fruit, and I’ve listed the most interesting one in the below table.

As you can see, longan fruit is definitely not the most nutritious fruit out there, but it does have some interesting numbers for certain nutrients.

Fresh longans in a tray

In short, longan fruit is reasonably low in calories, contains almost no fat, offers a good amount of vitamin B2, potassium and copper, and is very rich in vitamin C.

It’s also worth mentioning that longan fruit, unlike most other fruits, is actually quite low in fiber. On the other hand, longan fruit is rather high in carbohydrates, compared to some other fruits.

Longan Fruit Nutritional Profile (100g raw)
Water82.75 g
Energy60 kcal
Protein1.31 g
Fat0.1 g
Carbohydrates15.14 g
>> Dietary fiber1.1 g
MINERALS
Copper0.169 mg (8% DV)
Iron0.13 mg (1% DV)
Magnesium10 mg (2% DV)
Manganese0.052 mg (3% DV)
Phosphorus21 mg (2% DV)
Potassium266 mg (8% DV)
VITAMINS
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.031 mg (2% DV)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)0.14 mg (8% DV)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)0.3 mg (1% DV)
Vitamin C84.0 mg (140%)
Sources: USDA, NutritionData

Health Benefits of Eating Longan Fruit

Let’s have a closer look at what we can expect from longan fruit, apart from the delicious taste.

1. Great Source of Vitamin C

Whilst longan fruit may not be the most nutrient dense fruit in the world, there’s no denying that this little treat is an excellent source of vitamin C.

As you can see in the table above, 100 grams of fresh and raw longan fruit contains approximately 84 mg of vitamin C, which is 140% of the recommended daily intake.

Vitamin C is an antioxidant and as such is an extremely important nutrient for humans. Antioxidants can counteract oxidative stress caused by free radicals, and thereby help prevent cell damage and fight off disease.

Longan fruits in a basket

2. Source of Copper

Copper is an important mineral that plays a role in many of the body’s organs and systems. Just to name a few, copper makes red blood cells, keeps nerve cells healthy, protects cells from damage, and supports our overall immune system.

Longans contain a good amount of copper, around 0.17 mg per 100 grams, which equates to more than 8% of the recommended daily intake.

3. Source of Potassium

Longan fruits also offer a noticeable amount of potassium, an important mineral that helps regulate fluid balance, nerve signals, and muscle contractions.

It’s even said that a high potassium intake reduces the risk of overall mortality by 20%, according to studies.

One hundred grams worth of longans provides 266 mg of potassium, which equates to 8% of the recommended daily intake.

Final Thoughts

I absolutely love longan fruits, because of the flavors and the soft texture of the flesh. It may not be the most nutrient rich food in the world, but that doesn’t take away the fact that it’s still a healthy fruit.

They’re hard to find, but I love going out of my way to discover more unusual fruits and vegetables. It’s a lot of fun, and I can learn so much about these foods as I find and eat them.

Here are some more tropical fruits I’ve discovered:

Stay tuned for my next discovery!

 

What is longan fruit? Nutrition facts and benefits

 
 
Donna Harrison

I created Healthy Food Tribe because I am passionate about discovering new foods and learning everything about them. I am also a smoothie fanatic and I document all my favorite recipes here on my blog.

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