10 Common Types of Edible Mushrooms

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Last updated: July 31, 2021

Do you love eating mushrooms as much as I do? Are you keen to start experimenting with new flavors in your favorite dishes?

You’ve come to right place, because in this article I am going to share 10 different types of edible mushrooms that I think you really need to try.

When we buy mushrooms, we typically only buy the ones that we’re familiar with and are readily available. And that’s okay, but there is in fact a wide variety of different mushrooms available that are edible and worth trying.

From a botanical perspective, mushrooms are classified as fungi. Unlike vegetables, mushrooms don’t have leaves or roots, and they also don’t need light to grow.

However, from a nutritional perspective, mushrooms are generally considered a vegetable. Mushrooms are nutrient rich, with nutritional profiles that are quite similar to those of vegetables.

Top 10 Edible Mushroom Varieties

Now that we got the scientific bits and pieces out of the way, let’s go through my list of 10 edible mushrooms that are both delicious and nutritious.

1. Button Mushroom

Button mushrooms are the most common type of edible mushrooms that you can buy from pretty much any supermarket out there.

They may not be the most nutrient rich, but they are very healthy nonetheless, and work great in various breakfast and dinner dishes. Their white color indicates that they are fresh and young at age.

Button mushrooms in bowl
Button mushrooms

The button mushroom features essential nutrients for your body. For example, they are rich in Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, a vitamin that is necessary for cellular function, growth and production. Button mushrooms are also a good source of copper, selenium, potassium, and phosphorus, just to name a few.

According to a study involving a group of healthy volunteers, the inclusion of button mushrooms in their diets resulted in an improved mucosal immunity.

Whether you like them raw or cooked, the button mushroom will give you that mild, earthy flavor. This edible mushroom will make your salad, soup, pizza, pasta more delightful.

Button mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.4 mg (24% DV)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 3.6 mg (18% DV)
Copper 0.3 mg (16% DV)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) 1.5 mg (15% DV)
Selenium 9.3 mcg (13% DV)
Potassium 318.0 mg (9% DV)
Source: USDA

2. Shiitake Mushroom

Shiitake mushrooms are native to East Asia, and if you’re looking for the best choice in the taste and health department, this is the one for you.

For starters, it has a rich flavor and meaty texture that will exceed your taste expectations. Put them on top of your favorite meat dishes, make mushroom sauce from the water you used to soak them, and cook them in any way you want.

Shiitake mushrooms in bowl
Shiitake mushrooms

They don’t just taste good though, shiitake mushrooms can also help to keep you healthy. They are good for your immune system, and they are also an excellent source of copper, zinc, manganese, various B-vitamins, and a lot more essential vitamins and minerals.

In short, they are healthy and will not fail you in the kitchen. Shiitake mushroom are very versatile, a type of edible mushroom you should definitely try out for yourself.

Shiitake mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g dried)
Copper 5.2 mg (258% DV)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) 21.9 mg (219% DV)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 1.3 mg (75% DV)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 14.1 mg (71% DV)
Selenium 46.1 mcg (66% DV)
Manganese 1.2 mg (59% DV)
Zinc 7.7 mg (51% DV)
Source: NutritionData

3. Oyster Mushroom

Yes, you’re right. Oyster mushrooms inherited their name from their appearance because they kind of resemble an oyster. They are large, thick, and almost give off this striking look that may intimidate some people.

But when you look closely and learn more about them, you’ll find yourself wanting to take them to your kitchen.

Oyster mushrooms on paper sheet
Oyster mushrooms

They have a velvety texture and delicate flavor that is why it’s best to prepare them briefly to experience their rich taste. Eat these mushrooms raw with your salad, or you can also saute, stir fry, and roast them using an oven.

This edible mushroom is rich in dietary fiber, various B-vitamins, and also offers essential minerals such as copper, potassium, phosphoris and iron. Oyster mushrooms can offer a range of potential health benefits, such as lowering cholesterol levels and supporting the immune system.

Oyster mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 5.0 mg (25% DV)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.3 mg (21% DV)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) 1.3 mg (13% DV)
Copper 0.2 mg (12% DV)
Potassium 420.0 mg (12% DV)
Phosphorus 120.0 mg (12% DV)
Dietary fiber 2.3 mg (9% DV)
Source: USDA

4. Enoki Mushroom

With their long stem and tiny white cap, people might think that Enoki mushroom is a bean sprout. It’s understandable, but this type of mushroom offers a sweeter flavor than a regular bean sprout.

Enoki mushrooms on plate
Enoki mushrooms

They are popular in Asian dishes. The mild taste paired with crispy texture will work well with salads, soups, sandwiches, and garnishes. When cooking them, it’s better to add them last so that overcooking won’t be an issue, and you’ll get to taste their full flavor and texture.

When it comes to their nutrients, the Enoki mushroom is far from lacking. It’s a great source of dietary fiber, niacin, folate and phosphorus. It’s also rich in thiamin, a B-vitamin that plays a crucial role in the growth, development, and function of cells.

Enoki mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 5.9 mg (30% DV)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 52.0 mg (13% DV)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.2 mg (12% DV)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) 1.1 mg (11% DV)
Dietary fiber 2.7 g (11% DV)
Phosphorus 109.0 mg (11% DV)
Potassium 368.0 mg (11% DV)
Source: NutritionData

5. Maitake Mushroom (Hen of the Woods)

Hen of the woods, also called Maitake, is originally from China, but they can also be found in different countries such as Japan, the United States, and Canada.

Maitake mushrooms on cutting board
Maitake mushrooms (aka Hen of the woods)

The meaty, rich, savory flavor of this edible mushroom is best for stir-fries, soups, sautees, and many more dishes. As you cook them, you won’t have to worry about overcooking problems as they hold up well.

If you need more vitamin D in your body, then this mushroom is your best choice. It’s rich in the sunshine vitamin, but it doesn’t stop there. It’s also packed with riboflavin, niacin, and copper. Some studies also indicate that maitake mushrooms can lower cholesterol levels, and have anti-inflammatory properties.

Maitake mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Vitamin D 28.1 mcg (141% DV)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 6.6 mg (33% DV)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.2 mg (14% DV)
Copper 0.3 mg (13% DV)
Dietary fiber 2.7 g (11% DV)
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin) 0.1 mg (10% DV)
Vitamin B9 (Folate) 29.0 mg (7% DV)
Source: USDA

6. Portobello Mushroom

If you like the button mushroom, then you should meet its older relative. The portobello mushroom and button mushroom share the same species with only the age as their distinction. Which you can see it in their physical appearance.

Portobello mushrooms in paper bag
Portobello mushrooms

The portobello mushroom is larger, and it’s almost as big as the palm of your hand. The deeper and richer flavor makes it a great meat substitute in your meals. You can grill or bake it, or stuff it with an ingredient of your choice.

It also brings plenty of nutrients to your body, such as niacin, selenium, copper, potassium, and lots more. Note that the portobello mushroom is also known as the portabella mushroom.

Portobello mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.5 mg (28% DV)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 4.5 mg (23% DV)
Copper 0.4 mg (20% DV)
Selenium 11.0 mcg (16% DV)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) 1.5 mg (15% DV)
Potassium 484.0 mg (14% DV)
Phosphorus 130.0 mg (13% DV)
Source: NutritionData

7. Cremini Mushroom

Between the Portobello and Button mushrooms, you will find the Cremini mushroom. These three are part of the same species, named Agaricus Bisporus.

Also known as baby bellas or crimini mushrooms, the Cremini mushroom features a meatier, earthy flavor. If you’re looking to level up your cooking game, simply replace your recipes having button mushrooms as an ingredient with cremini mushrooms. More flavor will delight your taste.

Cremini mushrooms in bowl
Cremini mushrooms

When it comes to health benefits, this edible mushroom stands out as a rich source of selenium, an essential mineral that helps the thyroid and immune system function correctly.

You can also rely on it to provide your body with more essential vitamins and minerals, such as copper, phosphorus, potassium, and several B-vitamins.

Cremini mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Selenium 26.0 mcg (37% DV)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.5 mg (29% DV)
Copper 0.5 mg (25% DV)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 3.8 mg (19% DV)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) 1.5 mg (15% DV)
Potassium 448.0 mg (13% DV)
Phosphorus 120.0 mg (12% DV)
Source: USDA

8. Chanterelle Mushroom

This yellow to orange colored mushroom with quite the unique appearance offers a nutty and woodsy flavor with a delicate texture.

Chanterelle mushrooms in cup
Chanterelle mushrooms

Saute it with butter and perhaps add a little garlic to produce that creamy taste. It also works great as a side dish or an extra ingredient to your pasta or risotto.

Chanterelle mushrooms are very nutritious too, as they offer lots of essential nutrients in great amounts, most notably iron, copper, vitamin D, and various B-vitamins.

Chanterelle mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Copper 0.4 mg (39% DV)
Vitamin D 5.3 mcg (27% DV)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 4.1 mg (26% DV)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) 1.1 mg (22% DV)
Iron 3.5 mg (19% DV)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.2 mg (17% DV)
Dietary fiber 3.8 g (15% DV)
Source: My Food Data

9. Morel Mushroom

The appearance of morel mushrooms might deceive you and turn you off, but don’t fall to this mistake. The darkness of its color equates to a more pronounced flavor.

The savory, nutty, and smoky taste are all packed in this cone-shaped, hollow, and sponge-like mushroom.

Morel mushrooms on table
Morel mushrooms

It’s difficult to find this particular edible wild mushroom in a grocery store as it takes a lot of work to produce them on a larger scale.

The other option is growing them yourself. Note though that although they are an easy mushroom to identify in the wild, it’s still not recommended to try and find them by yourself.

Nutrition wise, the morel mushroom is particularly rich in iron. In addition, this edile mushroom type are also abundant in vitamin D, copper, manganese, zinc, and phosphorus.

Morel mushroom nutrition highlights (per 100 g)
Copper 0.6 mg (69% DV)
Iron 12.2 mg (68% DV)
Vitamin D 5.1 mcg (26% DV)
Manganese 0.6 g (26% DV)
Zinc 2.0 mg (18% DV)
Phosphorus 194.0 mg (16% DV)
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.2 mg (16% DV)
Source: USDA

10. Porcini Mushroom

This type of mushroom is mostly used in Italian cuisine. The meaty, smooth texture and nutty, creamy flavor will work well with soups, stews, and when sautéed with butter.

Raw porcini mushrooms
Porcini mushrooms

According to a study, extracts from porcini mushrooms have a positive effect on your body. The results concluded that the regular intake of this mushroom helps to decrease blood pressure and improve the status of hypertension.

There is no source available online with nutritional data for the porcini mushroom, so unfortuntately I can’t include a nutrition table. However, it’s safe to assume that, similar to the other types of edible mushrooms in this list, the porcini mushroom is not only tasty, but also a very nutritious food.

Final Thoughts

There you have it. A complete list of edible mushrooms that are delicious, healthy, and perfect for any kind of food you have in mind.

If you’re struggling to find some of the less common mushrooms, perhaps venture out to more specialized grocery stores, or try the larger fruit and veggies markets.

I don’t recommend trying to find mushrooms in the wild though, unless you’re an expert. Some mushroom types simple aren’t edible, and you’d want to stay far away from those!


10 Common types of edible mushrooms

Donna Harrison

I created Healthy Food Tribe because I am passionate about discovering new foods and learning everything about them. I am also a smoothie fanatic and I document all my favorite recipes here on my blog.

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