Types of Juicers Explained (Complete Guide)

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Last updated: February 13, 2023

Whether you’re a juicing veteran or completely new to juicing, buying the right juicer for your needs can be quite challenging with so many different types of juicers available.

Centrifugal vs cold press, slow vs fast juicing, masticating vs triturating, the world of juicing is more complicated than you might think.

In this juicer buying guide, I am going to outline the different types of juicers that exist, and I will share the pros and cons of each.

Centrifugal Juicer

The most common and most popular type of juicer is the centrifugal juicer. It’s usually also the most affordable, readily available in any department store.

Centrifugal juicers use a sharp cutting blade to chop up the fruits and vegetables before spinning at high speed, using centrifugal force to separate the juice from the pulp. The pulp and juice end up in different containers.

Centrifugal juicer
Centrifugal juicer

The fast-spinning blade generates heat, which some say negatively impacts the nutritional value of the fruits and veggies being processed. This is why cold press juicers are often preferred (see below) over centrifugal juicers.

The other drawback is that spinning is not the most efficient way of extracting juice. It typically doesn’t result in a lower juice yield than with cold pressing.

There are typically two types of centrifugal juicers: with an external container or without one. The ones with an external container tend to be more expensive, but the extra investment is definitely worth it.

An extra container allows you to juice in large batches, making the whole process much more time efficient. Plus, you can use the container to store the nutritious pulp for later use.

For more details about this juicer type, read my guide to the best centrifugal juicers with reviews of some of the best models available. And read my review of the Breville 800JEXL Juice Fountain Elite, one of my favorite centrifugal juicers.

Top selling centrifugal juicer:

Breville 800JEXL Juice Fountain Elite
  • The Breville Juice Fountain Elite lets you embrace the power of professionals; A...
  • UNIQUE EXTRACTION SYSTEM: The Breville juicers titanium reinforced disc and...
  • SHORT PREP TIME: The Breville juicer machines unique 3 inch extra wide chute...

Masticating Juicer

Masticating juicers are also known as slow juicers. They use a single gear, or an auger, to first crush your produce into pulp before extracting the juice.

This masticating process breaks down the cell walls of fruits and vegetables, resulting in more nutritious juice and less pulp. Mastication essentially means chewing, grinding and crushing.

Masticating juicer
Masticating juicer

Masticating juicers produce no heat in the process. A drawback is that preparing juice with a masticating juicer takes a bit more time than with a centrifugal juicer, as you need to make sure that your produce is finely chopped.

There are typically two types of masticating juicers: vertical and horizontal juicers. The biggest difference is the amount of space they claim on your kitchen countertop. Vertical masticating juicers tend to be more expensive because of their design, but performance-wise, there isn’t much difference between them.

Read my guide to the differences between masticating and centrifugal juicers with an outline of the pros and cons of each.

Top selling masticating juicer:

Amzchef Masticating Juicer
  • 🍇【Upgrade Spiral System,Richer Nutrition】AMZCHEF Juicer Machine with 7...
  • 🍇【Multi-functional Juicer Masticating】One machine with multiple...
  • 🍇【Small Caliber Slow Juicer Extractor】AMZCHEF cold press juicer machines...

Triturating Juicer

Also known as twin gear juicers, triturating juicers are essentially the top-of-the-line juicers in the market. They use twin gears to crush and extract juice from produce.

These gears rotate inwards, perfectly crushing your fruits and vegetables into dry pulp, leaving you with the best and most nutritious juice. They are called triturating juicers because of the efficient grinding process.

Triturating juicer
Triturating juicer

Triturating juicers are powerful and versatile (you can juice pretty much everything), and they generate no heat while juicing.

Like masticating juicers, juicing with a triturating juicer can be a bit more time-consuming because the process is quite slow.

Another drawback is that these types of juicers are typically a bit harder to clean because there are so many parts involved.

For more information about this juicer type, read my guide to the best triturating juicers with reviews of some of the best models available.

Top selling triturating juicer:

Tribest Greenstar Elite Triturating Juicer
  • ELECTRIC JUICE EXTRACTOR: Assures higher nutritional content and...
  • PRODUCES FRESHER JUICE: Magnetic and bioceramic technology embedded in the Jumbo...
  • VERSATILE CAPABILITY: Creates lovely recipes such as nut butter, sorbets,...

Cold Press Juicer

A cold press juicer can be both a masticating juicer and a triturating juicer. It simply means that no heat is generated during the juicing process. The terms slow juicer and cold press juicer are used interchangeably.

Cold pressing can perhaps be seen as a method of juicing rather than a type of juicer. It’s the opposite of what a centrifugal juicer does, which uses heat-inducing centrifugal force to abstract juice.

Top selling cold press juicer:

Aucma Cold Press Juicer
  • [Higher Juice Yield and More Nutrition] Aucma slow masticating juicer with a...
  • [Safety Feeder Chute and Reverse Function] Designed with small caliber, Aucma...
  • [Quiet & Intelligent Motor] Aucma masticating juicer machines with low noise...

Manual Juicer

A manual juicer is a type of juicer that has no motor and works simply by using manual force. Manual juicers are most suitable for citrus fruits.

There are roughly three different types of manual juicers to choose from, each with pros and cons. I’ll talk about these three types of juicers below.

For more information about this juicer type, read my guide to the best manual juicers with reviews of some of the best models available.

1. Handle Press Juicer

A handle press juicer creates juice by pushing down a handle or a lever. This movement efficiently squeezes the juice out of fruits with a pressing mechanism.

A well-designed press juicer doesn’t require much physical force as the power is generated by the mechanics of the juicer.

Commercial-grade manual press juicers are used in cafes in restaurants that serve up fresh orange juice. They’re highly efficient and can create juices with great flavors and high yields.

2. Citrus Reamer

Using a reamer requires a bit more physical force. To use one, cut a (citrus) fruit in half, press, and rotate against the ribbed cone in the middle.

Manual citrus juicer
Manual juicer

While a citrus reamer produces juice with some pulp, manual citrus reamers can very quickly create tasty juice. Cleaning is also a super quick and easy process.

3. Citrus Squeezer

A citrus squeezer is the most basic manual juicer. They’re small and basic but can very quickly create fresh juice.

The mechanics of a handheld citrus squeezer are essentially the same as those of a commercial-grade press juicer. Instead of rotating (one half of) the fruit as you do with a reamer, a handheld press juicer squeezes the juices out of the fruit by pressing.

The juice typically contains far less pulp than juice made with a reamer. Handheld squeezers are cheap, small, efficient, and easy to use and clean.

Also read:
Blending vs juicing.

Types of juicers explained (buying guide)

Donna Harrison

I created Healthy Food Tribe because I am passionate about discovering new foods and learning everything about them. I am also a smoothie fanatic and I document all my favorite recipes here on my blog.

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