What Is Dragon Fruit, aka Pitaya? (Nutrition and Benefits)

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Last updated: September 10, 2021

I had the pleasure of eating dragon fruit (also known as pitaya, or pitahaya) at a dinner party recently, and absolutely loved it. So much so that I decided to go and buy a bunch and try out some recipes.

I remember eating dragon fruit many years ago whilst on holiday in Thailand but had forgotten all about the absolutely delicious taste.

Well, I’m so glad I was able to eat it again, because those slices of dragon fruit were by far my favorite treats on that table.

In this article, I am going to dive a little deeper in this tropical fruit, where it originates from, how best to cut and eat it, and I will shed some light on the nutritional health benefits of dragon fruit.

What Is Dragon Fruit?

Dragon fruit, also commonly known as pitaya, or pitahaya, is a tropical fruit from a certain group of cactus plants (botanical name: Hylocereus).

It is native to South America, Central America and Mexico, and it’s also grown in Asian regions such as Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Vietnam and Taiwan.

Dragon fruit cut in half

The fruit produced by this cactus plant has a rather short shelf life, but has a delicious and mildly sweet taste. It tastes a bit like a mixture of watermelon, kiwi fruit and a pear.

The texture is very similar to that of kiwi fruit, because of the tiny little black seeds inside. These seeds are perfectly edible, so there’s no need to try and take them out.

Dragon fruit is about the size of a large potato and is usually red (or magenta) in color, although they can also be pink and yellow. The flesh inside the fruit can be either red or white in color.

And with its very unique shape and color, it’s not hard to tell where dragon fruit got its name from!

Where to Find Dragon Fruit?

Dragon fruit is quite a unique and exotic fruit that you won’t easily find in your average grocery store, unless maybe if you live in South-East Asia or Central America.

Your best bet would be to find them in Asian grocery stores, where you can also find other tropical fruits, such as snake fruit, durian and cherimoya fruit.

Salad with pitaya and other fruits

You could also try and find it at a large fruit and vegetables market where you can often get a lot more variety. I try to visit one of these markets at least once a month to find new exciting fruits and vegetables to try out.

Dragon fruit certainly is healthy, delicious and unique enough to make it a trip to your nearest Asian grocery store worthwhile!

How to Cut a Dragon Fruit?

Dragon fruit is definitely a fruit that you should try at least once in your life, because it tastes great and it’s also very nutritious.

When you go out to buy a dragon fruit, make sure you choose a ripe one. A ripe dragon fruit usually has an even colored skin and feels not too firm and not too soft either.

Dragon fruit is also known as pitaya

If they feel a bit firm, you can still buy them because you can just leave them at home to ripe for a few days longer.

There’s probably many ways you can a dragon fruit, but I prefer to cut it straight through the middle, leaving you with two halves. Similar to kiwi fruit, you can then use a spoon to scoop out the flesh.

You could also cut it in four pieces and then peel or cut off the skin. Please be mindful that the skin is inedible so make sure you don’t leave bits of skin attached to the flesh.

How to Eat the Flesh?

Once you have removed all the flesh, simply cut them in little pieces or wedges and serve them on a plate.

It’s also a good idea to add chunks of dragon fruit to a fruit salad for a bit more variety in nutrients. A perfect snack on a warm summer day!

Dragon fruit on table

If you’re into blending or juicing (like me!), you can of course use dragon fruit for that too, mixed up with other fruits and vegetables.

And did you know that you can also get dried dragon fruit tea in some specialty stores? I haven’t tried that yet but it’s certainly on my to-do list.

Check out this fun YouTube video for a live demo on how to select and cut a dragon fruit:

How to Grow Dragon Fruit?

Did you know you can actually grow your very own dragon fruit?

When growing dragon fruit in your garden, you basically have two options:

  • Grow from dragon fruit seeds
  • Grow from a stem cutting

Growing from dragon fruit seeds is probably easiest, but it can take a very long time. So if you need quicker results, it’s better to find quality stem cuttings.

Plant the cutting in a large pot with drainage using quality potting mix. It can take a few months before the cuttings start to develop strong roots, so please be patient with that process.

Yellow dragon fruit
Yellow dragon fruit

And as the cactus slowly starts to grow, prune the stems, allowing them to branch out further. As the plant grows higher, it’s recommended to support it using a garden twine, or something similar.

Even though the cactus is a desert plant, you still need to water it regularly, about once a week. Once the plant starts to bloom, it can take another month or so before the dragon fruit starts to develop.

Benefits of Eating Dragon Fruit

As with most fruits, you can’t go too far wrong with eating dragon fruit. It’s loaded with nutrients, vitamins and minerals, and it is also surprisingly low in calories.

Below is an extract of the nutritional profile of 100 grams worth of dragon fruit, with some surprising numbers.

Dragon Fruit Nutritional Profile (raw – 100 g)
Energy 264 kcal
Carbohydrates 82.14 g
Protein 3.57 g
Dietary fiber 1.8 g
Calcium 107 mg
Sodium 39 mg
Vitamin C 6.4 mg
Source: Wikipedia


Antioxidants are essential for keeping our bodies healthy and in balance. They help to stop the oxidation process, help prevent illnesses, slow down the aging process, and promote healthy skin.

Dragon fruit is an excellent source of antioxidants, not just because of the vitamin C content, but also because of the presence of lycopene.

Slices of dragon fruit

Lycopene is an antioxidant that makes the dragon fruit turn red. Unsurprisingly, lycopene can also be found in tomatoes, for example.

And although there is no conclusive evidence for this, it is believed that lycopene helps to prevent serious illnesses.


Dragon fruit is high in fiber content, which promotes healthy digestion and helps prevent issues such as constipation. Fiber can also help stabilize blood sugar levels and therefore help regulate diabetes.

Red dragon fruit pieces
Red dragon fruit

Vitamin C

We all know vitamin C helps boost our immune system, and although you don’t need dragon fruit specifically to get your vitamin C levels up, it will certainly help!


Dragon fruit contains no cholesterol and hardly any cholesterol producing fats. The seeds of dragon fruit actually contain the healthy type of fat which can increase your levels of the “good” (HDL) cholesterol.

Dragon Fruit Smoothie Recipe

Hopefully you’re just as excited about dragon fruit as I am after reading this far! Time to get to the fun part.

As you may already know, I’m a passionate green smoothie enthusiast, so I couldn’t resist experimenting with blending dragon fruit with some of my other favorite ingredients.

Dragon fruit blueberry smoothie recipe

This particular dragon fruit smoothie recipe with blueberry is my favorite.

It has all the right flavors, and works best in the morning, or otherwise on a nice and warm summer’s day.



  • 1 whole dragon fruit (fresh)
  • 1 small cup blueberries
  • 1 banana (fresh or frozen)
  • 1 tsp grated ginger
  • 1 cup unsweetened almond milk
  • 1 small cup ice cubes
  • 1 mint leaf (garnish, optional)

Blend it all together and you end up with a super refreshing smoothie. What’s great about this recipe is that the dragon fruit flavors don’t disappear.

I do love blending fruits with vegetables, but for this particular smoothie, because it has dragon fruit, I decided to leave the vegetables out, just to emphasize the delicious flavors of the dragon fruit.

Final Thoughts

Tired of eating the same old fruit every day? Dragon fruit is a very exciting alternative to the fruits you’re usually eating.

The nutritional health benefits of dragon fruit, its flavors, and even its looks make this fruit an enjoyable treat, especially in the warmer months of the year.

Don’t forget to read about my experience with the kiwano melon, another tropical fruit with a very unique shape and taste.

Do you love trying new fruits as much as I do? Check out my list of weird and exotic fruits that you should try at least once in your life.

Discover the delicious dragon fruit

Donna Harrison

I created Healthy Food Tribe because I am passionate about discovering new foods and learning everything about them. I am also a smoothie fanatic and I document all my favorite recipes here on my blog.

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